Looking for a Loop in the Galiuro Wilderness continued:

Galiuro Wilderness History

The Forest Service designated the 76,317-acre Galiuro Primitive Area in 1932. Lying astride two 7000-foot block fault ridges 19 miles long and six miles wide, Galiuro Wilderness was among the first designated in the Wilderness Act of 1964. Native Americans related to Apaches are first historically recorded people in the Galiuros. For early history/ ugly skirmishes with colonists see http://interstice.us/apachestelltheirstory/history-colonial.htm

Miners came after United States bought area in the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. http://www.foresthistory.org/ASPNET/Publications/region/3/coronado/galiuro_wilderness/sec2.aspx More than $4 million worth of lead, silver, copper, and molybdenum were produced from 1905 to 1959, when mining ended, and remains of that era are found along Rattlesnake Creek. The Powers family bought an Angora goat ranch at Rattlesnake Springs, now Powers Garden, and continued mining the area. In 1918 Jeff Powers and two sons had a gunfight with a sheriff’s posse aiming to arrest the sons for draft evasion. Three lawmen and the elder Powers died; sons and a friend escaped into the mountains and were captured by the U.S. Calvary, convicted of murder and imprisoned in Florence. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Power%27s_Cabin_shootout, https://www.fs.usda.gov/recarea/coronado/recarea/?recid=25458

Who built the Galiuro trails system that is slowly wearing away? It may have started as Indian trails. The Powers built the road up Rattlesnake and to their mine. The Civilian Conservation Corps, a Depression-era work program for young men, established a camp near Stafford in 1935, and also built trails and campgrounds on Mt. Graham (Pinalenos Mountains), so may have done work in nearby Galiuros. http://debravanwinegarden.blogspot.com/2014/02/bassett-peak-7663-galiuro-mountains.html  (Note: last site may be difficult to load)